CVE Vulnerabilities


Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)

Published: Mar 22, 2011 | Modified: Aug 17, 2017
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

Multiple cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerabilities in the configuration page in the Recaptcha (aka WP-reCAPTCHA) plugin for WordPress allow remote attackers to hijack the authentication of administrators for requests that disable the CAPTCHA requirement or insert cross-site scripting (XSS) sequences via the (1) recaptcha_opt_pubkey, (2) recaptcha_opt_privkey, (3) re_tabindex, (4) error_blank, (5) error_incorrect, (6) mailhide_pub, (7) mailhide_priv, (8) mh_replace_link, or (9) mh_replace_title parameter.


The web application does not, or can not, sufficiently verify whether a well-formed, valid, consistent request was intentionally provided by the user who submitted the request.

Potential Mitigations

  • Use a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.
  • For example, use anti-CSRF packages such as the OWASP CSRFGuard. [REF-330]
  • Another example is the ESAPI Session Management control, which includes a component for CSRF. [REF-45]
  • Use the “double-submitted cookie” method as described by Felten and Zeller:
  • When a user visits a site, the site should generate a pseudorandom value and set it as a cookie on the user’s machine. The site should require every form submission to include this value as a form value and also as a cookie value. When a POST request is sent to the site, the request should only be considered valid if the form value and the cookie value are the same.
  • Because of the same-origin policy, an attacker cannot read or modify the value stored in the cookie. To successfully submit a form on behalf of the user, the attacker would have to correctly guess the pseudorandom value. If the pseudorandom value is cryptographically strong, this will be prohibitively difficult.
  • This technique requires Javascript, so it may not work for browsers that have Javascript disabled. [REF-331]