CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2015-4852

Deserialization of Untrusted Data

Published: Nov 18, 2015 | Modified: Dec 21, 2023
CVSS 3.x
9.8
CRITICAL
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
CVSS 2.x
7.5 HIGH
AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
Ubuntu
LOW

The WLS Security component in Oracle WebLogic Server 10.3.6.0, 12.1.2.0, 12.1.3.0, and 12.2.1.0 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object in T3 protocol traffic to TCP port 7001, related to oracle_common/modules/com.bea.core.apache.commons.collections.jar. NOTE: the scope of this CVE is limited to the WebLogic Server product.

Weakness

The product deserializes untrusted data without sufficiently verifying that the resulting data will be valid.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Virtual_desktop_infrastructure Oracle * 3.5.2 (including)
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu precise *
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu trusty *
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu upstream *
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu vivid *
Libcommons-collections3-java Ubuntu wily *
Libcommons-collections4-java Ubuntu trusty *
Libcommons-collections4-java Ubuntu upstream *
Libcommons-collections4-java Ubuntu vivid *
Libcommons-collections4-java Ubuntu wily *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu artful *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu precise *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu vivid *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu wily *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu yakkety *
Libxalan2-java Ubuntu zesty *
Openjdk-6 Ubuntu precise *
Openjdk-6 Ubuntu trusty *
Openjdk-6 Ubuntu vivid *
Openjdk-6 Ubuntu wily *
Openjdk-7 Ubuntu precise *
Openjdk-7 Ubuntu trusty *
Openjdk-7 Ubuntu vivid *
Openjdk-7 Ubuntu wily *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu artful *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu bionic *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu cosmic *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu devel *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu disco *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu eoan *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu esm-apps/bionic *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu esm-apps/focal *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu esm-apps/jammy *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu esm-apps/noble *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu esm-infra/xenial *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu focal *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu groovy *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu hirsute *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu impish *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu jammy *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu kinetic *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu lunar *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu mantic *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu noble *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu vivid *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu wily *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu xenial *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu yakkety *
Openjdk-8 Ubuntu zesty *

Extended Description

It is often convenient to serialize objects for communication or to save them for later use. However, deserialized data or code can often be modified without using the provided accessor functions if it does not use cryptography to protect itself. Furthermore, any cryptography would still be client-side security – which is a dangerous security assumption. Data that is untrusted can not be trusted to be well-formed. When developers place no restrictions on “gadget chains,” or series of instances and method invocations that can self-execute during the deserialization process (i.e., before the object is returned to the caller), it is sometimes possible for attackers to leverage them to perform unauthorized actions, like generating a shell.

Potential Mitigations

  • Make fields transient to protect them from deserialization.
  • An attempt to serialize and then deserialize a class containing transient fields will result in NULLs where the transient data should be. This is an excellent way to prevent time, environment-based, or sensitive variables from being carried over and used improperly.

References