CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2015-5576

Exposure of Sensitive Information to an Unauthorized Actor

Published: Sep 22, 2015 | Modified: Feb 17, 2017
CVSS 3.x
N/A
Source:
NVD
CVSS 2.x
5 MEDIUM
AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N
RedHat/V2
4.3 MODERATE
AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N
RedHat/V3
Ubuntu

Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.241 and 19.x before 19.0.0.185 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.521 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 19.0.0.190, Adobe AIR SDK before 19.0.0.190, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 19.0.0.190 do not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism via unspecified vectors.

Weakness

The product exposes sensitive information to an actor that is not explicitly authorized to have access to that information.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 Supplementary RedHat flash-plugin-0:11.2.202.521-1.el5 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Supplementary RedHat flash-plugin-0:11.2.202.521-1.el6_7 *
Adobe-flashplugin Ubuntu devel *
Adobe-flashplugin Ubuntu precise *
Adobe-flashplugin Ubuntu trusty *
Adobe-flashplugin Ubuntu upstream *
Adobe-flashplugin Ubuntu vivid *
Flashplugin-nonfree Ubuntu devel *
Flashplugin-nonfree Ubuntu precise *
Flashplugin-nonfree Ubuntu trusty *
Flashplugin-nonfree Ubuntu upstream *
Flashplugin-nonfree Ubuntu vivid *

Extended Description

There are many different kinds of mistakes that introduce information exposures. The severity of the error can range widely, depending on the context in which the product operates, the type of sensitive information that is revealed, and the benefits it may provide to an attacker. Some kinds of sensitive information include:

Information might be sensitive to different parties, each of which may have their own expectations for whether the information should be protected. These parties include:

Information exposures can occur in different ways:

It is common practice to describe any loss of confidentiality as an “information exposure,” but this can lead to overuse of CWE-200 in CWE mapping. From the CWE perspective, loss of confidentiality is a technical impact that can arise from dozens of different weaknesses, such as insecure file permissions or out-of-bounds read. CWE-200 and its lower-level descendants are intended to cover the mistakes that occur in behaviors that explicitly manage, store, transfer, or cleanse sensitive information.

Potential Mitigations

  • Compartmentalize the system to have “safe” areas where trust boundaries can be unambiguously drawn. Do not allow sensitive data to go outside of the trust boundary and always be careful when interfacing with a compartment outside of the safe area.
  • Ensure that appropriate compartmentalization is built into the system design, and the compartmentalization allows for and reinforces privilege separation functionality. Architects and designers should rely on the principle of least privilege to decide the appropriate time to use privileges and the time to drop privileges.

References