CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2016-1000110

URL Redirection to Untrusted Site ('Open Redirect')

Published: Nov 27, 2019 | Modified: Nov 07, 2023
CVSS 3.x
6.1
MEDIUM
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N
CVSS 2.x
5.8 MEDIUM
AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N
RedHat/V2
5 MODERATE
AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N
RedHat/V3
5 MODERATE
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:L/A:N
Ubuntu
MEDIUM

The CGIHandler class in Python before 2.7.12 does not protect against the HTTP_PROXY variable name clash in a CGI script, which could allow a remote attacker to redirect HTTP requests.

Weakness

A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Python Python 2.7.0 (including) 2.7.13 (excluding)
Python Python 3.3.0 (including) 3.3.7 (excluding)
Python Python 3.4.0 (including) 3.4.6 (excluding)
Python Python 3.5.0 (including) 3.5.3 (excluding)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 RedHat python-0:2.6.6-66.el6_8 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat python-0:2.7.5-38.el7_2 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-14.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.6 EUS RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.6 EUS RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.6 EUS RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-14.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7 EUS RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7 EUS RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-18.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7 EUS RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-14.el6 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat rh-python35-python-0:3.5.1-9.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-13.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 EUS RedHat rh-python35-python-0:3.5.1-9.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 EUS RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 EUS RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 EUS RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-13.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 EUS RedHat rh-python35-python-0:3.5.1-9.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 EUS RedHat python27-python-0:2.7.8-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 EUS RedHat python33-python-0:3.3.2-16.el7 *
Red Hat Software Collections for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 EUS RedHat rh-python34-python-0:3.4.2-13.el7 *
Python2.7 Ubuntu esm-infra/xenial *
Python2.7 Ubuntu precise *
Python2.7 Ubuntu precise/esm *
Python2.7 Ubuntu trusty *
Python2.7 Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Python2.7 Ubuntu upstream *
Python2.7 Ubuntu vivid/ubuntu-core *
Python2.7 Ubuntu wily *
Python2.7 Ubuntu xenial *
Python3.2 Ubuntu precise *
Python3.4 Ubuntu trusty *
Python3.4 Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Python3.4 Ubuntu upstream *
Python3.4 Ubuntu vivid/stable-phone-overlay *
Python3.4 Ubuntu vivid/ubuntu-core *
Python3.4 Ubuntu wily *
Python3.5 Ubuntu trusty *
Python3.5 Ubuntu upstream *
Python3.5 Ubuntu wily *
Python3.5 Ubuntu xenial *

Potential Mitigations

  • Assume all input is malicious. Use an “accept known good” input validation strategy, i.e., use a list of acceptable inputs that strictly conform to specifications. Reject any input that does not strictly conform to specifications, or transform it into something that does.
  • When performing input validation, consider all potentially relevant properties, including length, type of input, the full range of acceptable values, missing or extra inputs, syntax, consistency across related fields, and conformance to business rules. As an example of business rule logic, “boat” may be syntactically valid because it only contains alphanumeric characters, but it is not valid if the input is only expected to contain colors such as “red” or “blue.”
  • Do not rely exclusively on looking for malicious or malformed inputs. This is likely to miss at least one undesirable input, especially if the code’s environment changes. This can give attackers enough room to bypass the intended validation. However, denylists can be useful for detecting potential attacks or determining which inputs are so malformed that they should be rejected outright.
  • Use a list of approved URLs or domains to be used for redirection.
  • When the set of acceptable objects, such as filenames or URLs, is limited or known, create a mapping from a set of fixed input values (such as numeric IDs) to the actual filenames or URLs, and reject all other inputs.
  • For example, ID 1 could map to “/login.asp” and ID 2 could map to “http://www.example.com/". Features such as the ESAPI AccessReferenceMap [REF-45] provide this capability.
  • Understand all the potential areas where untrusted inputs can enter your software: parameters or arguments, cookies, anything read from the network, environment variables, reverse DNS lookups, query results, request headers, URL components, e-mail, files, filenames, databases, and any external systems that provide data to the application. Remember that such inputs may be obtained indirectly through API calls.
  • Many open redirect problems occur because the programmer assumed that certain inputs could not be modified, such as cookies and hidden form fields.

References