CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2016-1000219

Improper Authorization

Published: Jun 16, 2017 | Modified: Aug 14, 2020
CVSS 3.x
7.5
HIGH
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N
CVSS 2.x
5 MEDIUM
AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N
RedHat/V2
4.1 MODERATE
AV:A/AC:L/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:N
RedHat/V3
4.8 MODERATE
CVSS:3.0/AV:A/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N
Ubuntu

Kibana before 4.5.4 and 4.1.11 when a custom output is configured for logging in, cookies and authorization headers could be written to the log files. This information could be used to hijack sessions of other users when using Kibana behind some form of authentication such as Shield.

Weakness

The software does not perform or incorrectly performs an authorization check when an actor attempts to access a resource or perform an action.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Kibana Elastic 4.1.0 *
Kibana Elastic 4.5.0 *
Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform 3.2 RedHat kibana-0:4.1.11-1.el7 *
Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform 3.2 RedHat openshift-elasticsearch-plugin-0:0.16.0.redhat_1-1.el7 *
Red Hat OpenShift Enterprise 3.1 RedHat kibana-0:4.1.11-1.el7 *
Red Hat OpenShift Enterprise 3.1 RedHat openshift-elasticsearch-plugin-0:0.16.0.redhat_1-1.el7 *

Extended Description

Assuming a user with a given identity, authorization is the process of determining whether that user can access a given resource, based on the user’s privileges and any permissions or other access-control specifications that apply to the resource. When access control checks are not applied consistently - or not at all - users are able to access data or perform actions that they should not be allowed to perform. This can lead to a wide range of problems, including information exposures, denial of service, and arbitrary code execution.

Potential Mitigations

  • Divide the software into anonymous, normal, privileged, and administrative areas. Reduce the attack surface by carefully mapping roles with data and functionality. Use role-based access control (RBAC) to enforce the roles at the appropriate boundaries.
  • Note that this approach may not protect against horizontal authorization, i.e., it will not protect a user from attacking others with the same role.
  • Use a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.
  • For example, consider using authorization frameworks such as the JAAS Authorization Framework [REF-233] and the OWASP ESAPI Access Control feature [REF-45].
  • For web applications, make sure that the access control mechanism is enforced correctly at the server side on every page. Users should not be able to access any unauthorized functionality or information by simply requesting direct access to that page.
  • One way to do this is to ensure that all pages containing sensitive information are not cached, and that all such pages restrict access to requests that are accompanied by an active and authenticated session token associated with a user who has the required permissions to access that page.

References