Microsoft Office 2007 SP3 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application hang) via a crafted Office document, aka Microsoft Office Denial of Service Vulnerability.
The product does not restrict or incorrectly restricts access to a resource from an unauthorized actor.
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Access control involves the use of several protection mechanisms such as:
When any mechanism is not applied or otherwise fails, attackers can compromise the security of the product by gaining privileges, reading sensitive information, executing commands, evading detection, etc. There are two distinct behaviors that can introduce access control weaknesses: