CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2018-12599

Out-of-bounds Write

Published: Jun 20, 2018 | Modified: Aug 09, 2018
CVSS 3.x
8.8
HIGH
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
CVSS 2.x
6.8 MEDIUM
AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
5.3 MODERATE
CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L
Ubuntu

In ImageMagick 7.0.8-3 Q16, ReadBMPImage and WriteBMPImage in coders/bmp.c allow attackers to cause an out of bounds write via a crafted file.

Weakness

The software writes data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Ubuntu_linux Canonical 14.04 14.04
Ubuntu_linux Canonical 16.04 16.04
Ubuntu_linux Canonical 17.10 17.10
Ubuntu_linux Canonical 18.04 18.04
Debian_linux Debian 8.0 8.0
Debian_linux Debian 9.0 9.0
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat autotrace-0:0.31.1-38.el7 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat emacs-1:24.3-23.el7 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat ImageMagick-0:6.9.10.68-3.el7 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 RedHat inkscape-0:0.92.2-3.el7 *
Imagemagick Ubuntu artful *
Imagemagick Ubuntu bionic *
Imagemagick Ubuntu devel *
Imagemagick Ubuntu esm-infra/xenial *
Imagemagick Ubuntu trusty *
Imagemagick Ubuntu xenial *

Potential Mitigations

  • Use a language that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.

  • For example, many languages that perform their own memory management, such as Java and Perl, are not subject to buffer overflows. Other languages, such as Ada and C#, typically provide overflow protection, but the protection can be disabled by the programmer.

  • Be wary that a language’s interface to native code may still be subject to overflows, even if the language itself is theoretically safe.

  • Use a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.

  • Examples include the Safe C String Library (SafeStr) by Messier and Viega [REF-57], and the Strsafe.h library from Microsoft [REF-56]. These libraries provide safer versions of overflow-prone string-handling functions.

  • Run or compile the software using features or extensions that automatically provide a protection mechanism that mitigates or eliminates buffer overflows.

  • For example, certain compilers and extensions provide automatic buffer overflow detection mechanisms that are built into the compiled code. Examples include the Microsoft Visual Studio /GS flag, Fedora/Red Hat FORTIFY_SOURCE GCC flag, StackGuard, and ProPolice.

  • Consider adhering to the following rules when allocating and managing an application’s memory:

  • Run or compile the software using features or extensions that randomly arrange the positions of a program’s executable and libraries in memory. Because this makes the addresses unpredictable, it can prevent an attacker from reliably jumping to exploitable code.

  • Examples include Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) [REF-58] [REF-60] and Position-Independent Executables (PIE) [REF-64].

References