CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2019-10999

Out-of-bounds Write

Published: May 06, 2019 | Modified: Aug 24, 2020
CVSS 3.x
8.8
HIGH
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
CVSS 2.x
6.5 MEDIUM
AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:P
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
Ubuntu

The D-Link DCS series of Wi-Fi cameras contains a stack-based buffer overflow in alphapd, the camera’s web server. The overflow allows a remotely authenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code by providing a long string in the WEPEncryption parameter when requesting wireless.htm. Vulnerable devices include DCS-5009L (1.08.11 and below), DCS-5010L (1.14.09 and below), DCS-5020L (1.15.12 and below), DCS-5025L (1.03.07 and below), DCS-5030L (1.04.10 and below), DCS-930L (2.16.01 and below), DCS-931L (1.14.11 and below), DCS-932L (2.17.01 and below), DCS-933L (1.14.11 and below), and DCS-934L (1.05.04 and below).

Weakness

The software writes data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer.

Potential Mitigations

  • Use a language that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.

  • For example, many languages that perform their own memory management, such as Java and Perl, are not subject to buffer overflows. Other languages, such as Ada and C#, typically provide overflow protection, but the protection can be disabled by the programmer.

  • Be wary that a language’s interface to native code may still be subject to overflows, even if the language itself is theoretically safe.

  • Use a vetted library or framework that does not allow this weakness to occur or provides constructs that make this weakness easier to avoid.

  • Examples include the Safe C String Library (SafeStr) by Messier and Viega [REF-57], and the Strsafe.h library from Microsoft [REF-56]. These libraries provide safer versions of overflow-prone string-handling functions.

  • Run or compile the software using features or extensions that automatically provide a protection mechanism that mitigates or eliminates buffer overflows.

  • For example, certain compilers and extensions provide automatic buffer overflow detection mechanisms that are built into the compiled code. Examples include the Microsoft Visual Studio /GS flag, Fedora/Red Hat FORTIFY_SOURCE GCC flag, StackGuard, and ProPolice.

  • Consider adhering to the following rules when allocating and managing an application’s memory:

  • Run or compile the software using features or extensions that randomly arrange the positions of a program’s executable and libraries in memory. Because this makes the addresses unpredictable, it can prevent an attacker from reliably jumping to exploitable code.

  • Examples include Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) [REF-58] [REF-60] and Position-Independent Executables (PIE) [REF-64].

References