CVE Vulnerabilities


Out-of-bounds Read

Published: Sep 06, 2019 | Modified: Oct 09, 2019
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x
7.5 HIGH

Insufficient boundary checks when processing the JPEG APP12 block marker in the GD extension could allow access to out-of-bounds memory via a maliciously constructed invalid JPEG input. This issue affects HHVM versions prior to 3.30.9, all versions between 4.0.0 and 4.8.3, all versions between 4.9.0 and 4.15.2, and versions 4.16.0 to 4.16.3, 4.17.0 to 4.17.2, 4.18.0 to 4.18.1, 4.19.0, 4.20.0 to 4.20.1.


The product reads data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Hhvm Facebook * 3.30.9 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.0.0 (including) 4.8.3 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.9.0 (including) 4.15.2 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.16.0 (including) 4.16.3 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.17.0 (including) 4.17.2 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.18.0 (including) 4.18.1 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.20.0 (including) 4.20.1 (including)
Hhvm Facebook 4.19.0 (including) 4.19.0 (including)
Hhvm Ubuntu bionic *
Hhvm Ubuntu trusty *
Hhvm Ubuntu xenial *

Potential Mitigations

  • Assume all input is malicious. Use an “accept known good” input validation strategy, i.e., use a list of acceptable inputs that strictly conform to specifications. Reject any input that does not strictly conform to specifications, or transform it into something that does.
  • When performing input validation, consider all potentially relevant properties, including length, type of input, the full range of acceptable values, missing or extra inputs, syntax, consistency across related fields, and conformance to business rules. As an example of business rule logic, “boat” may be syntactically valid because it only contains alphanumeric characters, but it is not valid if the input is only expected to contain colors such as “red” or “blue.”
  • Do not rely exclusively on looking for malicious or malformed inputs. This is likely to miss at least one undesirable input, especially if the code’s environment changes. This can give attackers enough room to bypass the intended validation. However, denylists can be useful for detecting potential attacks or determining which inputs are so malformed that they should be rejected outright.
  • To reduce the likelihood of introducing an out-of-bounds read, ensure that you validate and ensure correct calculations for any length argument, buffer size calculation, or offset. Be especially careful of relying on a sentinel (i.e. special character such as NUL) in untrusted inputs.