CVE Vulnerabilities


Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference

Published: Jul 26, 2019 | Modified: Dec 22, 2023
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x
7.5 HIGH

initDocumentParser in xml/ in Terracotta Quartz Scheduler through 2.3.0 allows XXE attacks via a job description.


The product processes an XML document that can contain XML entities with URIs that resolve to documents outside of the intended sphere of control, causing the product to embed incorrect documents into its output.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Quartz Softwareag * 2.3.2 (excluding)
Red Hat Decision Manager 7 RedHat quartz *
Red Hat Fuse 7.8.0 RedHat quartz *
Red Hat Process Automation 7 RedHat quartz *
Red Hat Virtualization Engine 4.4 RedHat rhvm-dependencies-0:4.4.0-1.el8ev *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu bionic *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu disco *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu eoan *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu groovy *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu hirsute *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu impish *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu kinetic *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu lunar *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu trusty *
Libquartz-java Ubuntu xenial *
Libquartz2-java Ubuntu bionic *
Libquartz2-java Ubuntu disco *
Libquartz2-java Ubuntu eoan *
Libquartz2-java Ubuntu trusty *

Extended Description

XML documents optionally contain a Document Type Definition (DTD), which, among other features, enables the definition of XML entities. It is possible to define an entity by providing a substitution string in the form of a URI. The XML parser can access the contents of this URI and embed these contents back into the XML document for further processing. By submitting an XML file that defines an external entity with a file:// URI, an attacker can cause the processing application to read the contents of a local file. For example, a URI such as “file:///c:/winnt/win.ini” designates (in Windows) the file C:\Winnt\win.ini, or file:///etc/passwd designates the password file in Unix-based systems. Using URIs with other schemes such as http://, the attacker can force the application to make outgoing requests to servers that the attacker cannot reach directly, which can be used to bypass firewall restrictions or hide the source of attacks such as port scanning. Once the content of the URI is read, it is fed back into the application that is processing the XML. This application may echo back the data (e.g. in an error message), thereby exposing the file contents.

Potential Mitigations