CVE Vulnerabilities


Observable Discrepancy

Published: Aug 17, 2019 | Modified: Apr 12, 2023
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

Zabbix through 4.4.0alpha1 allows User Enumeration. With login requests, it is possible to enumerate application usernames based on the variability of server responses (e.g., the Login name or password is incorrect and No permissions for system access messages, or just blocking for a number of seconds). This affects both api_jsonrpc.php and index.php.


The product behaves differently or sends different responses under different circumstances in a way that is observable to an unauthorized actor, which exposes security-relevant information about the state of the product, such as whether a particular operation was successful or not.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Zabbix Zabbix * 4.0.26 (including)
Zabbix Zabbix 5.0.0 (including) 5.0.5 (including)
Zabbix Zabbix 5.2.0 (including) 5.2.1 (including)
Zabbix Zabbix 4.4.0-alpha1 (including) 4.4.0-alpha1 (including)
Zabbix Ubuntu bionic *
Zabbix Ubuntu disco *
Zabbix Ubuntu eoan *
Zabbix Ubuntu esm-apps/bionic *
Zabbix Ubuntu esm-apps/focal *
Zabbix Ubuntu esm-apps/xenial *
Zabbix Ubuntu focal *
Zabbix Ubuntu groovy *
Zabbix Ubuntu trusty *
Zabbix Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Zabbix Ubuntu upstream *
Zabbix Ubuntu xenial *

Potential Mitigations

  • Compartmentalize the system to have “safe” areas where trust boundaries can be unambiguously drawn. Do not allow sensitive data to go outside of the trust boundary and always be careful when interfacing with a compartment outside of the safe area.
  • Ensure that appropriate compartmentalization is built into the system design, and the compartmentalization allows for and reinforces privilege separation functionality. Architects and designers should rely on the principle of least privilege to decide the appropriate time to use privileges and the time to drop privileges.
  • Ensure that error messages only contain minimal details that are useful to the intended audience and no one else. The messages need to strike the balance between being too cryptic (which can confuse users) or being too detailed (which may reveal more than intended). The messages should not reveal the methods that were used to determine the error. Attackers can use detailed information to refine or optimize their original attack, thereby increasing their chances of success.
  • If errors must be captured in some detail, record them in log messages, but consider what could occur if the log messages can be viewed by attackers. Highly sensitive information such as passwords should never be saved to log files.
  • Avoid inconsistent messaging that might accidentally tip off an attacker about internal state, such as whether a user account exists or not.