CVE Vulnerabilities


Concurrent Execution using Shared Resource with Improper Synchronization ('Race Condition')

Published: Oct 19, 2021 | Modified: Oct 25, 2021
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

A Race Condition in the show chassis pic command in Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved may allow an attacker to crash the port interface concentrator daemon (picd) process on the FPC, if the command is executed coincident with other system events outside the attackers control, leading to a Denial of Service (DoS) condition. Continued execution of the CLI command, under precise conditions, could create a sustained Denial of Service (DoS) condition. This issue affects all Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved versions prior to 20.1R2-EVO on PTX10003 and PTX10008 platforms. Junos OS is not affected by this vulnerability.


The product contains a code sequence that can run concurrently with other code, and the code sequence requires temporary, exclusive access to a shared resource, but a timing window exists in which the shared resource can be modified by another code sequence that is operating concurrently.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 18.3-r1 (including) 18.3-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.1-r1 (including) 19.1-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.1-r2 (including) 19.1-r2 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.2-r1 (including) 19.2-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.2-r2 (including) 19.2-r2 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.3-r1 (including) 19.3-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.3-r2 (including) 19.3-r2 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.4-r1 (including) 19.4-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 19.4-r1-s1 (including) 19.4-r1-s1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 20.1-r1 (including) 20.1-r1 (including)
Junos_os_evolved Juniper 20.1-r1-s1 (including) 20.1-r1-s1 (including)

Extended Description

This can have security implications when the expected synchronization is in security-critical code, such as recording whether a user is authenticated or modifying important state information that should not be influenced by an outsider. A race condition occurs within concurrent environments, and is effectively a property of a code sequence. Depending on the context, a code sequence may be in the form of a function call, a small number of instructions, a series of program invocations, etc. A race condition violates these properties, which are closely related:

A race condition exists when an “interfering code sequence” can still access the shared resource, violating exclusivity. Programmers may assume that certain code sequences execute too quickly to be affected by an interfering code sequence; when they are not, this violates atomicity. For example, the single “x++” statement may appear atomic at the code layer, but it is actually non-atomic at the instruction layer, since it involves a read (the original value of x), followed by a computation (x+1), followed by a write (save the result to x). The interfering code sequence could be “trusted” or “untrusted.” A trusted interfering code sequence occurs within the product; it cannot be modified by the attacker, and it can only be invoked indirectly. An untrusted interfering code sequence can be authored directly by the attacker, and typically it is external to the vulnerable product.

Potential Mitigations

  • Minimize the usage of shared resources in order to remove as much complexity as possible from the control flow and to reduce the likelihood of unexpected conditions occurring.
  • Additionally, this will minimize the amount of synchronization necessary and may even help to reduce the likelihood of a denial of service where an attacker may be able to repeatedly trigger a critical section (CWE-400).