CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2021-25667

Stack-based Buffer Overflow

Published: Mar 15, 2021 | Modified: Oct 19, 2022
CVSS 3.x
8.8
HIGH
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
CVSS 2.x
5.8 MEDIUM
AV:A/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
Ubuntu

A vulnerability has been identified in RUGGEDCOM RM1224 (All versions >= V4.3 and < V6.4), SCALANCE M-800 (All versions >= V4.3 and < V6.4), SCALANCE S615 (All versions >= V4.3 and < V6.4), SCALANCE SC-600 Family (All versions >= V2.0 and < V2.1.3), SCALANCE XB-200 (All versions < V4.1), SCALANCE XC-200 (All versions < V4.1), SCALANCE XF-200BA (All versions < V4.1), SCALANCE XM400 (All versions < V6.2), SCALANCE XP-200 (All versions < V4.1), SCALANCE XR-300WG (All versions < V4.1), SCALANCE XR500 (All versions < V6.2). Affected devices contain a stack-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of STP BPDU frames that could allow a remote attacker to trigger a denial-of-service condition or potentially remote code execution. Successful exploitation requires the passive listening feature of the device to be active.

Weakness

A stack-based buffer overflow condition is a condition where the buffer being overwritten is allocated on the stack (i.e., is a local variable or, rarely, a parameter to a function).

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Ruggedcom_rm1224_firmware Siemens 4.3 *

Potential Mitigations

  • Use automatic buffer overflow detection mechanisms that are offered by certain compilers or compiler extensions. Examples include: the Microsoft Visual Studio /GS flag, Fedora/Red Hat FORTIFY_SOURCE GCC flag, StackGuard, and ProPolice, which provide various mechanisms including canary-based detection and range/index checking.
  • D3-SFCV (Stack Frame Canary Validation) from D3FEND [REF-1334] discusses canary-based detection in detail.
  • Run or compile the software using features or extensions that randomly arrange the positions of a program’s executable and libraries in memory. Because this makes the addresses unpredictable, it can prevent an attacker from reliably jumping to exploitable code.
  • Examples include Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) [REF-58] [REF-60] and Position-Independent Executables (PIE) [REF-64]. Imported modules may be similarly realigned if their default memory addresses conflict with other modules, in a process known as “rebasing” (for Windows) and “prelinking” (for Linux) [REF-1332] using randomly generated addresses. ASLR for libraries cannot be used in conjunction with prelink since it would require relocating the libraries at run-time, defeating the whole purpose of prelinking.
  • For more information on these techniques see D3-SAOR (Segment Address Offset Randomization) from D3FEND [REF-1335].

References