CVE Vulnerabilities


Observable Discrepancy

Published: Nov 15, 2022 | Modified: Jan 25, 2024
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

A vulnerability in the TLS handler of Cisco Firepower Threat Defense (FTD) Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to gain access to sensitive information. This vulnerability is due to improper implementation of countermeasures against a Bleichenbacher attack on a device that uses SSL decryption policies. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending crafted TLS messages to an affected device, which would act as an oracle and allow the attacker to carry out a chosen-ciphertext attack. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to perform cryptanalytic operations that may allow decryption of previously captured TLS sessions to the affected device.


The product behaves differently or sends different responses under different circumstances in a way that is observable to an unauthorized actor, which exposes security-relevant information about the state of the product, such as whether a particular operation was successful or not.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.2.3 (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.3.0 (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.4.0 (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.5.0 (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.7.0 (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 7.0.0 (including) 7.0.3 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.6.0 (including) 6.6.0 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.6.1 (including) 6.6.1 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.6.3 (including) 6.6.3 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.6.4 (including) 6.6.4 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco 6.6.5 (including) 6.6.5 (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)
Firepower_threat_defense Cisco (including) (including)

Potential Mitigations

  • Compartmentalize the system to have “safe” areas where trust boundaries can be unambiguously drawn. Do not allow sensitive data to go outside of the trust boundary and always be careful when interfacing with a compartment outside of the safe area.
  • Ensure that appropriate compartmentalization is built into the system design, and the compartmentalization allows for and reinforces privilege separation functionality. Architects and designers should rely on the principle of least privilege to decide the appropriate time to use privileges and the time to drop privileges.
  • Ensure that error messages only contain minimal details that are useful to the intended audience and no one else. The messages need to strike the balance between being too cryptic (which can confuse users) or being too detailed (which may reveal more than intended). The messages should not reveal the methods that were used to determine the error. Attackers can use detailed information to refine or optimize their original attack, thereby increasing their chances of success.
  • If errors must be captured in some detail, record them in log messages, but consider what could occur if the log messages can be viewed by attackers. Highly sensitive information such as passwords should never be saved to log files.
  • Avoid inconsistent messaging that might accidentally tip off an attacker about internal state, such as whether a user account exists or not.