CVE Vulnerabilities


Inconsistent Interpretation of HTTP Requests ('HTTP Request/Response Smuggling')

Published: Jan 13, 2023 | Modified: Nov 07, 2023
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

A request smuggling attack is possible when using MaxBytesHandler. When using MaxBytesHandler, the body of an HTTP request is not fully consumed. When the server attempts to read HTTP2 frames from the connection, it will instead be reading the body of the HTTP request, which could be attacker-manipulated to represent arbitrary HTTP2 requests.


The product acts as an intermediary HTTP agent (such as a proxy or firewall) in the data flow between two entities such as a client and server, but it does not interpret malformed HTTP requests or responses in ways that are consistent with how the messages will be processed by those entities that are at the ultimate destination.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
H2c Golang * 2022-11-04 (excluding)
MTA-6.2-RHEL-9 RedHat mta/mta-hub-rhel9:6.2.0-16 *
Multicluster engine for Kubernetes 2.3 for RHEL 8 RedHat multicluster-engine/kube-rbac-proxy-mce-rhel8:v2.3.2-3 *
Red Hat Advanced Cluster Management for Kubernetes 2.8 for RHEL 8 RedHat rhacm2/kube-rbac-proxy-rhel8:v2.8.2-3 *
Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform 4.13 RedHat openshift4/ *
Golang-golang-x-net Ubuntu kinetic *
Golang-golang-x-net Ubuntu trusty *
Golang-golang-x-net Ubuntu xenial *
Google-guest-agent Ubuntu bionic *
Google-guest-agent Ubuntu xenial *

Extended Description

HTTP requests or responses (“messages”) can be malformed or unexpected in ways that cause web servers or clients to interpret the messages in different ways than intermediary HTTP agents such as load balancers, reverse proxies, web caching proxies, application firewalls, etc. For example, an adversary may be able to add duplicate or different header fields that a client or server might interpret as one set of messages, whereas the intermediary might interpret the same sequence of bytes as a different set of messages. For example, discrepancies can arise in how to handle duplicate headers like two Transfer-encoding (TE) or two Content-length (CL), or the malicious HTTP message will have different headers for TE and CL. The inconsistent parsing and interpretation of messages can allow the adversary to “smuggle” a message to the client/server without the intermediary being aware of it. This weakness is usually the result of the usage of outdated or incompatible HTTP protocol versions in the HTTP agents.

Potential Mitigations