CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2023-0662

Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

Published: Feb 16, 2023 | Modified: May 17, 2023
CVSS 3.x
7.5
HIGH
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
CVSS 2.x
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
7.5 MODERATE
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
Ubuntu
MEDIUM

In PHP 8.0.X before 8.0.28, 8.1.X before 8.1.16 and 8.2.X before 8.2.3, excessive number of parts in HTTP form upload can cause high resource consumption and excessive number of log entries. This can cause denial of service on the affected server by exhausting CPU resources or disk space. 

Weakness

The product does not properly control the allocation and maintenance of a limited resource, thereby enabling an actor to influence the amount of resources consumed, eventually leading to the exhaustion of available resources.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Php Php 8.0.0 (including) 8.0.28 (excluding)
Php Php 8.1.0 (including) 8.1.16 (excluding)
Php Php 8.2.0 (including) 8.2.3 (excluding)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 RedHat php:8.0-8080020231006102311.0b4eb31d *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 RedHat php-0:8.0.30-1.el9_2 *
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 RedHat php:8.1-9030020231221080340.9 *
Php5 Ubuntu trusty *
Php5 Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Php7.0 Ubuntu esm-infra/xenial *
Php7.0 Ubuntu xenial *
Php7.2 Ubuntu bionic *
Php7.2 Ubuntu esm-infra/bionic *
Php7.4 Ubuntu focal *
Php8.1 Ubuntu jammy *
Php8.1 Ubuntu kinetic *
Php8.1 Ubuntu lunar *
Php8.1 Ubuntu upstream *

Extended Description

Limited resources include memory, file system storage, database connection pool entries, and CPU. If an attacker can trigger the allocation of these limited resources, but the number or size of the resources is not controlled, then the attacker could cause a denial of service that consumes all available resources. This would prevent valid users from accessing the product, and it could potentially have an impact on the surrounding environment. For example, a memory exhaustion attack against an application could slow down the application as well as its host operating system. There are at least three distinct scenarios which can commonly lead to resource exhaustion:

Resource exhaustion problems are often result due to an incorrect implementation of the following situations:

Potential Mitigations

  • Mitigation of resource exhaustion attacks requires that the target system either:

  • The first of these solutions is an issue in itself though, since it may allow attackers to prevent the use of the system by a particular valid user. If the attacker impersonates the valid user, they may be able to prevent the user from accessing the server in question.

  • The second solution is simply difficult to effectively institute – and even when properly done, it does not provide a full solution. It simply makes the attack require more resources on the part of the attacker.

References