CVE Vulnerabilities


Improper Neutralization of Script-Related HTML Tags in a Web Page (Basic XSS)

Published: May 10, 2023 | Modified: Feb 01, 2024
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

There is an HTML injection vulnerability in Esri Portal for ArcGIS versions 11.0 and below that may allow a remote, authenticated attacker to create a crafted link which when clicked could render arbitrary HTML in the victim’s browser (no stateful change made or customer data rendered).


The product receives input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special characters such as “<”, “>”, and “&” that could be interpreted as web-scripting elements when they are sent to a downstream component that processes web pages.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Portal_for_arcgis Esri * 11.0 (including)

Potential Mitigations

  • Use and specify an output encoding that can be handled by the downstream component that is reading the output. Common encodings include ISO-8859-1, UTF-7, and UTF-8. When an encoding is not specified, a downstream component may choose a different encoding, either by assuming a default encoding or automatically inferring which encoding is being used, which can be erroneous. When the encodings are inconsistent, the downstream component might treat some character or byte sequences as special, even if they are not special in the original encoding. Attackers might then be able to exploit this discrepancy and conduct injection attacks; they even might be able to bypass protection mechanisms that assume the original encoding is also being used by the downstream component.
  • The problem of inconsistent output encodings often arises in web pages. If an encoding is not specified in an HTTP header, web browsers often guess about which encoding is being used. This can open up the browser to subtle XSS attacks.