CVE Vulnerabilities

CVE-2023-26049

Exposure of Sensitive Information to an Unauthorized Actor

Published: Apr 18, 2023 | Modified: Feb 01, 2024
CVSS 3.x
5.3
MEDIUM
Source:
NVD
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N
CVSS 2.x
RedHat/V2
RedHat/V3
5.3 MODERATE
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N
Ubuntu
MEDIUM

Jetty is a java based web server and servlet engine. Nonstandard cookie parsing in Jetty may allow an attacker to smuggle cookies within other cookies, or otherwise perform unintended behavior by tampering with the cookie parsing mechanism. If Jetty sees a cookie VALUE that starts with `` (double quote), it will continue to read the cookie string until it sees a closing quote – even if a semicolon is encountered. So, a cookie header such as: DISPLAY_LANGUAGE=b; JSESSIONID=1337; c=d will be parsed as one cookie, with the name DISPLAY_LANGUAGE and a value of b; JSESSIONID=1337; c=d instead of 3 separate cookies. This has security implications because if, say, JSESSIONID is an HttpOnly cookie, and the DISPLAY_LANGUAGE cookie value is rendered on the page, an attacker can smuggle the JSESSIONID cookie into the DISPLAY_LANGUAGE cookie and thereby exfiltrate it. This is significant when an intermediary is enacting some policy based on cookies, so a smuggled cookie can bypass that policy yet still be seen by the Jetty server or its logging system. This issue has been addressed in versions 9.4.51, 10.0.14, 11.0.14, and 12.0.0.beta0 and users are advised to upgrade. There are no known workarounds for this issue.

Weakness

The product exposes sensitive information to an actor that is not explicitly authorized to have access to that information.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Jetty Eclipse * 9.4.51 (excluding)
Jetty Eclipse 10.0.0 (including) 10.0.14 (excluding)
Jetty Eclipse 11.0.0 (including) 11.0.14 (excluding)
Jetty Eclipse 12.0.0-alpha1 (including) 12.0.0-alpha1 (including)
Jetty Eclipse 12.0.0-alpha2 (including) 12.0.0-alpha2 (including)
Jetty Eclipse 12.0.0-alpha3 (including) 12.0.0-alpha3 (including)
EAP 7.4.14 RedHat jetty-server *
OCP-Tools-4.12-RHEL-8 RedHat jenkins-0:2.426.3.1706515686-3.el8 *
Red Hat AMQ Streams 2.5.0 RedHat *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 8 RedHat eap7-undertow-0:2.2.28-1.SP1_redhat_00001.1.el8eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 8 RedHat eap7-wildfly-0:7.4.14-5.GA_redhat_00002.1.el8eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 8 RedHat eap7-wildfly-transaction-client-0:1.1.16-1.Final_redhat_00001.1.el8eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 9 RedHat eap7-undertow-0:2.2.28-1.SP1_redhat_00001.1.el9eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 9 RedHat eap7-wildfly-0:7.4.14-5.GA_redhat_00002.1.el9eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 for RHEL 9 RedHat eap7-wildfly-transaction-client-0:1.1.16-1.Final_redhat_00001.1.el9eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 on RHEL 7 RedHat eap7-undertow-0:2.2.28-1.SP1_redhat_00001.1.el7eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 on RHEL 7 RedHat eap7-wildfly-0:7.4.14-5.GA_redhat_00002.1.el7eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.4 on RHEL 7 RedHat eap7-wildfly-transaction-client-0:1.1.16-1.Final_redhat_00001.1.el7eap *
Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform Expansion Pack RedHat jetty-server *
Red Hat Satellite 6.14 for RHEL 8 RedHat puppetserver-0:7.14.0-1.el8sat *
Red Hat Satellite 6.14 for RHEL 8 RedHat puppetserver-0:7.14.0-1.el8sat *
Red Hat Single Sign-On 7 RedHat jetty-server *
Red Hat Single Sign-On 7.6 for RHEL 7 RedHat rh-sso7-keycloak-0:18.0.12-1.redhat_00001.1.el7sso *
Red Hat Single Sign-On 7.6 for RHEL 8 RedHat rh-sso7-keycloak-0:18.0.12-1.redhat_00001.1.el8sso *
Red Hat Single Sign-On 7.6 for RHEL 9 RedHat rh-sso7-keycloak-0:18.0.12-1.redhat_00001.1.el9sso *
RHEL-8 based Middleware Containers RedHat rh-sso-7/sso76-openshift-rhel8:7.6-41 *
RHINT Camel-Springboot 4.0.0 RedHat jetty-server *
Jetty Ubuntu esm-apps/xenial *
Jetty Ubuntu trusty *
Jetty Ubuntu trusty/esm *
Jetty Ubuntu xenial *

Extended Description

There are many different kinds of mistakes that introduce information exposures. The severity of the error can range widely, depending on the context in which the product operates, the type of sensitive information that is revealed, and the benefits it may provide to an attacker. Some kinds of sensitive information include:

Information might be sensitive to different parties, each of which may have their own expectations for whether the information should be protected. These parties include:

Information exposures can occur in different ways:

It is common practice to describe any loss of confidentiality as an “information exposure,” but this can lead to overuse of CWE-200 in CWE mapping. From the CWE perspective, loss of confidentiality is a technical impact that can arise from dozens of different weaknesses, such as insecure file permissions or out-of-bounds read. CWE-200 and its lower-level descendants are intended to cover the mistakes that occur in behaviors that explicitly manage, store, transfer, or cleanse sensitive information.

Potential Mitigations

  • Compartmentalize the system to have “safe” areas where trust boundaries can be unambiguously drawn. Do not allow sensitive data to go outside of the trust boundary and always be careful when interfacing with a compartment outside of the safe area.
  • Ensure that appropriate compartmentalization is built into the system design, and the compartmentalization allows for and reinforces privilege separation functionality. Architects and designers should rely on the principle of least privilege to decide the appropriate time to use privileges and the time to drop privileges.

References