CVE Vulnerabilities


Improper Neutralization of Script-Related HTML Tags in a Web Page (Basic XSS)

Published: Jan 01, 2024 | Modified: Apr 11, 2024
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

A vulnerability was found in RRJ Nueva Ecija Engineer Online Portal 1.0. It has been classified as problematic. This affects an unknown part of the file /admin/students.php of the component NIA Office. The manipulation leads to basic cross site scripting. It is possible to initiate the attack remotely. The exploit has been disclosed to the public and may be used. The identifier VDB-249441 was assigned to this vulnerability.


The product receives input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special characters such as “<”, “>”, and “&” that could be interpreted as web-scripting elements when they are sent to a downstream component that processes web pages.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Rrj_nueva_ecija_engineer_online_portal Nia 1.0 (including) 1.0 (including)

Potential Mitigations

  • Use and specify an output encoding that can be handled by the downstream component that is reading the output. Common encodings include ISO-8859-1, UTF-7, and UTF-8. When an encoding is not specified, a downstream component may choose a different encoding, either by assuming a default encoding or automatically inferring which encoding is being used, which can be erroneous. When the encodings are inconsistent, the downstream component might treat some character or byte sequences as special, even if they are not special in the original encoding. Attackers might then be able to exploit this discrepancy and conduct injection attacks; they even might be able to bypass protection mechanisms that assume the original encoding is also being used by the downstream component.
  • The problem of inconsistent output encodings often arises in web pages. If an encoding is not specified in an HTTP header, web browsers often guess about which encoding is being used. This can open up the browser to subtle XSS attacks.