CVE Vulnerabilities


Improper Locking

Published: Feb 26, 2024 | Modified: Apr 17, 2024
CVSS 3.x
CVSS 2.x

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

PCI/ASPM: Fix deadlock when enabling ASPM

A last minute revert in 6.7-final introduced a potential deadlock when enabling ASPM during probe of Qualcomm PCIe controllers as reported by lockdep:

============================================ WARNING: possible recursive locking detected 6.7.0 #40 Not tainted

kworker/u16:5/90 is trying to acquire lock: ffffacfa78ced000 (pci_bus_sem){++++}-{3:3}, at: pcie_aspm_pm_state_change+0x58/0xdc

          but task is already holding lock:

ffffacfa78ced000 (pci_bus_sem){++++}-{3:3}, at: pci_walk_bus+0x34/0xbc

          other info that might help us debug this:

Possible unsafe locking scenario:


           *** DEADLOCK ***

Call trace: print_deadlock_bug+0x25c/0x348 __lock_acquire+0x10a4/0x2064 lock_acquire+0x1e8/0x318 down_read+0x60/0x184 pcie_aspm_pm_state_change+0x58/0xdc pci_set_full_power_state+0xa8/0x114 pci_set_power_state+0xc4/0x120 qcom_pcie_enable_aspm+0x1c/0x3c [pcie_qcom] pci_walk_bus+0x64/0xbc qcom_pcie_host_post_init_2_7_0+0x28/0x34 [pcie_qcom]

The deadlock can easily be reproduced on machines like the Lenovo ThinkPad X13s by adding a delay to increase the race window during asynchronous probe where another thread can take a write lock.

Add a new pci_set_power_state_locked() and associated helper functions that can be called with the PCI bus semaphore held to avoid taking the read lock twice.


The product does not properly acquire or release a lock on a resource, leading to unexpected resource state changes and behaviors.

Affected Software

Name Vendor Start Version End Version
Linux_kernel Linux 6.7.0 *

Extended Description

Locking is a type of synchronization behavior that ensures that multiple independently-operating processes or threads do not interfere with each other when accessing the same resource. All processes/threads are expected to follow the same steps for locking. If these steps are not followed precisely - or if no locking is done at all - then another process/thread could modify the shared resource in a way that is not visible or predictable to the original process. This can lead to data or memory corruption, denial of service, etc.

Potential Mitigations